If you are planning to visit the destination of Delhi, certainly there must be certain historical must-visit places in your mind. The historical city of Delhi is culturally rich and has best places to visit around. Here is the list of Delhi points of interest which will guide you in exploring India’s national capital in a well and coordinated manner.
Top 10 Place to Visit in Delhi (India):
The Red Fort, the largest monument in Delhi, is one of its most popular tourist destinations. It, also known as Lal Kila, was constructed in 1639 by the fifth Mughal Emperor Shahjahan, attracts thousands of visitors, including foreigners every year. It is situated in the centre of Delhi with a number of museums. A “sound and light” show, which is organised in the evening describing the Mughal history, is a tourist attraction. After reading reviews of so many visitors we have rated it number one out of top 10 famous tourist’s places in Delhi. The Red Fort remained home to Mughal Emperors for nearly 200 years till the Sepoy Mutiny in the year 1857. The Red Fort, which was also a ceremonial and political centre of the Mughal state, was later converted to barracks for the British colonial army. There is a mosque inside the Red Fort which is closed to the public. The “hammam” (or Turkish Bath), where the royals used to have a shower, is also closed for the visitors. For the visitors, public toilets are available at the entrance as well as inside the park. When you enter the Red Fort through the Lahore Gate, you will find jewellery and craft stores. Considered to represent the zenith of Mughal creativity, the Red Fort was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007.
Some people says Delhi means India Gate and it is true up to some extent. It is impossible if you make a list of top 10 tourist destination in Delhi and India Gate is not in your list. Located at one end of the Rajpath, the India Gate was unveiled on 12th February 1931. It is a war memorial to around 82,000 soldiers of the undivided Indian Army who had sacrificed their lives during the period 1914-21 in various wars, including the First World War. As many as 13,218 war dead names, which included some soldiers and officers of Britain, are inscribed on the India Gate. The India Gate, originally called the All India War Memorial, is 42 meters tall which kindles a feeling of patriotism. It is one of the major tourist places in Delhi where you can visit along with your friends, kids and families. India Gate, designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens, the main architect of New Delhi, has its own charm which can be felt while visiting the place at night. In December 1971, a small structure consisting of black marble plinth, reversed rifle capped with war helmet and bound by four urns, was set up beneath the India Gate. This small and simple structure was named as “Amar Jawan Jyoti” (or the flame of the immortal soldier) to commemorate Indian soldiers who had sacrificed their lives in the war with Pakistan in 1971 (Bangladesh Liberation War). It was inaugurated by Indira Gandhi, the then Prime Minister of India, on 26th January 1972. Since 1971, this Amar Jawan Jyoti has been serving India’s tomb of the unknown soldiers.
Qutub Minar, a 73 meter-tall, is the second highest brick minaret in the world after the highest minar in the world Fateh Burj in Punjab. The victory tower, one of the finest monuments in India, is located in the Mehrauli area of Delhi. The tower has five distinct storeys. Inside the Qutub Minar, there is a circular staircase which consists of 379 steps leading to the top of the tower. From the top of the tower, visitors can have a birds’ eye view of the Delhi. The foundation stone of the Qutub Minar was laid by Qutab-ud-din Aibak, the founder of Delhi Sultanate in the 12th century AD. At the foot of the victory tower, there exists a Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque which is considered the first mosque to be built in India. The visitors can easily reach the UNESCO World Heritage Site as the Qutub Minar Station is the closest one on the Delhi Metro. If you are searching for the places to visit in Delhi with your kids, your search may end with the Qutub Minar.
Agrasen ki Baoli:
The Agrasen ki Baoli, which is a 60-meter long and 15 -meter wide historical well, is a protected monument by the Archaeological Survey of India. It is located at Hailey Road, near Connaught Place of Delhi. It is widely believed that the Agrasen ki Baoli was built by the king Agrasen, though there are no known historical records. It was rebuilt by the Agarwal community which associates themselves with Maharaja Agrasen. The Agrasen ki Baoli, also known as Ugrasen ki Baoli, is truly a fine example of architecture. This historical step well of Baoli has as many as 108 steps. The visible parts of this step well consist of three levels. Each level is lined with arched niches on both sides. The Agrasen ki Baoli will kindle in you the feelings of wonder and amazement as soon as you visit this legendary tourist place at the heart of Delhi. It has all the quality to be included in top 10 attractive places in Delhi.
Jantar Mantar is always on the list of visitors as it is among the most popular places to visit in Delhi. The Jantar Mantar, an ancient observatory, was set up by Maharaja Jaisingh of Udaipur in the year 1794 along the Parliament Street near Connaught Place of Delhi. The basic objective of the observatory was to compile astronomical tables and predict the time and movements of the sun, moon and planets. There is no doubt that the instruments installed at Jantar Mantar are very fascinating for their ingenuity. In addition to the Jantar Mantar in Delhi, Maharaja Jaisingh had also built the same observatory Jaipur, Ujjain, Mathura and Varanasi. Altogether, there are five Jantar Mantars in India. All these observatories were completed between 1724 and 1735. The word “Jantra” is derived from “yantra” which means an instrument, whereas the “Mantar” takes its root from mantrana meaning consult or calculate. Therefore, words “jantar” and “mantar” means calculation instrument.
In post-independent India, the Raj Ghat holds the utmost importance and is usually paid a visit by any foreign dignitaries visiting India. It is a memorial dedicated to the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi. It is situated on the banks of river Yamuna on Ring Road of Delhi. The Raj Ghat is a black marble platform where Gandhiji was cremated on 31st January 1948, a day after his assassination. One thing the visiting tourists have to keep in mind is that they must remove their footwear before entering the Raj Ghat walls. Present in the vicinity exists two museums dedicated to the memorials of Gandhiji, Rajiv Gandhi, Indira Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Lal Bahadur Shastri. The Raj Ghat is surrounded by a park with trees planted by visiting dignitaries and head of state.
With a floor area of 200, 000 square feet, the Rashtrapati Bhavan (or the President’s House) is an official residence of the President of India. It has 340 rooms spread over four floors. The Rashtrapati Bhavan, the erstwhile residence of the British Viceroy, is one of the major tourist spots in Delhi, mainly because of it being a vast mansion and its architecture. It was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker. There were 700 million bricks and three million cubic feet of stone were used in building this presidential palace which took 17 years to complete in the year 1929. The Rashtrapati Bhavan has many halls which are used for state functions and others. Two of them–Durbar Hall and Ashoka Hall–are the most prominent. The Durbar Hall has a seating capacity of 500 people. It is the Durbar Hall where Jawahar Lal Nehru had taken an oath of office of Prime Minister from Lord Mountbatten on 15th August 1947. Conceived in the Imperial Style, the Rashtrapati Bhavan comprises an open verandah along with 144 columns. In addition, there is a famous Mughal Gardens housed in the Rashtrapati Bhavan. The Mughal Gardens cover an area of 15 acres, having varieties of flowers like roses and bougainvillaea. If you are keen to visit Mughal Gardens, plan your visit in the month of February, as the Rashtrapati Bhavan gardens are open to the public in February every year. The Delhi Tourism offers a facility called “Ho-Ho Buses” to the Rashtrapati Bhavan for the convenience of the public.
Humayun’ Tomb is one of the Top Ten must visiting places in Delhi. If the Taj Mahal is a symbol of love for a wife then Humayun’ Tomb is certainly a symbol of love for a husband. It is a perfect destination for the love birds who are hunting for the places to visit in Delhi for couples. This is the tomb of the Mughal Emperor Humayun. The construction of the tomb had begun in 1565 AD, nine years after Humayun’s death on 20 January 1556 AD whose body was first buried in his palace at Purana Quila in Delhi. The orders to build a tomb was given by Humayun’s first wife Bega Begum. The tomb, which was designed by a Persian architect Mirak Mirza Ghiyas, was completed in 1572 AD. It is believed to be the first garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent and is situated at Nizamuddin East, Delhi. Opposite to it exits the Dargah of Hazrat Nizamuddin, a Sufi saint who was much respected by the rulers of Delhi. The tomb is considered to be the first substantial example of Mughal architecture in India. Inside the walled enclosure, there are several graves of Mughals, which included the graves of Bega Begum herself, Hamida Begum, and also Dara Shikoh, great-great-grandson of Humayun and son of the later Emperor Shah Jahan. The tomb was assigned the status of UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year 1993.
Safdarjung’s Tomb, a sandstone and marble mausoleum located near the Safdarjung Airport in New Delhi, was constructed in the year 1754. The slabs from the tomb of Abdul Rahim Khankhana were used in the construction of the tomb. It is the last monumental enclosed garden-tomb built in the Mughal Empire style for Mirza Muqim Abul Mansur Khan, who was popularly known as Safdarjung. Safdarjung was the viceroy of Avadh under Mughal Emperor Mohammed Shah. The tomb exhibits key features such as the Char Bagh plan with the mausoleum at the centre, a nine-fold floor plan, a five-part façade and a large podium with a hidden stairway. The main entry gate to the tomb is two-storied and its façade, though built in the style of the Taj Mahal, features an inscription in Arabic whose translation reads “When the hero of plain bravery departs from the transitory, may he become a resident of god’s paradise”. The complex, having a madarsa, is being maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India.
If you searching a place to visit with your friends in Delhi, Dilli Haat must be your first priority. The Dilli Haat, which is spread over 6 acres of land. It is a craft bazaar-cum-food plaza which is situated on the Ring Road near AIIMS. The permanent marketplace of Dilli Haat is run by the Delhi Tourism and Transportation Development Corporation. The fully wheelchair-accessible Dilli Haat, which was opened in the year 1994, has become a venue of crafts, music, dance and cultural festivals over these years. Just opposite to the famous INA market, the Dilli Haat is well connected with the Delhi metro; it can easily be reached through the INA underground station of Delhi Metro. From New Delhi railway station, the visitors can access the marketplace by Delhi Metro. Dilli Haat is open throughout a week (from Monday to Sunday during 10:30 am to 10 pm). It charges the entrance fee of Rs 30 for Indian nationals, Rs 10 for children, and Rs 100 for foreigners.